Pronunciation , from Latin pronuntiatio, is the action and effect of pronouncing (articulate and emit sounds to speak; highlight; resolve; declare for or against something or someone). The concept is used to name the way or the way in which the words .
For example: "It is easy to distinguish the English from the Americans by their pronunciation", “The language teacher told me that I have to practice pronunciation”, “What is the correct pronunciation of the surname Murray? Murrai or Marri? ”.
The same word can be pronounced in different ways. In general, a single pronunciation is correct, while the others are deviations from the language by different sociolinguistic factors.
Typically, despite the different pronouncements, the interlocutors can understand each other. That is what happens if they talk a Argentinian and a Spanish , or a American and a Jamaican . However, if the pronunciation of certain words differs greatly from the usual pronunciation, a conflict of understanding may arise.
On the other hand, the individual pronunciation of each word is complemented by the intonation of the sentence, which in some languages generates considerable changes. With this factor in mind, the difficulty of understanding between people from different regions can be even greater.
The geographical region, social class, age and education These are some factors that influence pronunciation. In everyday language, it is known as accent to pronunciation mode: "I think this man is not from here: he has a very strange accent", “I realized that you are Catalan because of your accent”.
Within the same country, it is usual that there are different accents throughout its length, and the differences between them can be from subtle alterations in the sound of a vowel to the complete omission of a syllable, or the change of the syllable accentuated in certain words . This does not happen so drastically in all languages, which is due to various factors: English has many different accents and among them they exceed two thousand possible combinations of sounds (this number varies according to the study), while Japanese barely over a hundred.
In Spain, for example, you can easily distinguish between Madrid and Malaga, since the former usually mark strongly the majority of consonants and pronounce the d end as a z ("Madrid", pronounced by a Madrilenian, sounds like "Madriz"), while in Malaga the final letters of the words and the words are usually omitted s tends to pronounce itself as a z. However, this cannot be applied to all people born in these cities, since parenting plays a fundamental role in developing of the accent.
Apart from the hundreds of possible combinations of sounds and accentuations that may exist in each language, and their grouping according to geographical location, the particular accent of the people who are responsible for raising a child, among which are not only parents but teachers and the rest of its environment has a significant impact on the formation of the child's accent.
In this way, if a person grows up in New York but his father is English and his mother is Japanese, and if most of his teachers come from different parts of the country and from other English-speaking countries, his accent is probably not pure New Yorker.
Pronunciation, on the other hand, is a public speech or declaration that supposes the support or condemnation of a cause or one person : "The pronunciation of the governor over the Senate scandal has surprised his supporters", "Do not expect from me a pronunciation on that subject".