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Abandonment is the act and the consequence of abandoning . East verb can allude to leave something or someone , walk away or neglect it. For example: "The old man lived in a state of absolute abandonment", "The abandonment of dogs on public roads is a very important problem for this city", “The neighbors are outraged by the abandonment of the cultural center by the authorities”.

When the concept is linked to a living being, it is associated with the abandonment . Suppose a woman who just had a child, puts the baby in a box, leaves him at the door of a church and leaves the place. This repudiable action involves the abandonment of the child, since the child will not have the care that his parent should provide.

A man who decides to throw her cat out of the house because she was pregnant will also be performing an act of abandonment. The animal, which was this person's pet, should start looking for the food they used to give him at home.

In the field of public policies, abandonment refers to the lack of attention on a certain space or subject. If a government stop investing resources in the care of a park and it begins to look dull and full of garbage, it can be said that the authorities abandoned the green space in question.

If we focus on the right , abandonment may refer to the resignation to exercise a certain right (such as possession of a good) or to the Lack of achievement of a legal obligation towards another person (as the case mentioned above lines of the mother who does not provide the care she owes to her child).

Within this area, we find what is known as family abandonment. This is a crime that is considered to be carried out by the spouse who leaves the family home and stops contributing, although he has that duty, to the economic maintenance of the same and, above all, of his children and partner. Hence, this is what is seen in the obligation to report the case to the police and judicial authorities, so that the pertinent proceedings are opened and the person responsible assumes his duties as such.

However, there are exceptions to this situation. Specifically, we mean that it will not be considered as a family abandonment if, despite leaving home, you continue paying the economic amount that corresponds to you or if, within a maximum period of one month from when you leave, proceed to file a claim for separation or divorce.

In the same way, within this set of exceptions it is also that the person who leaves has made him obliged to protect his life, if he was a victim of domestic violence.

In addition, there is the circumstance that a couple may decide to separate a time to think about whether to break permanently or not without anyone falling into this crime.

Previously, in the legislation of Spain, there was also the crime of abandonment of a family home, but for a few years it was eliminated. Hence, now there is no problem in which the spouses can live in different houses.

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