The measurement of psychic abilities receives the name of psychometry . It's about the discipline which attributes values (figures) to psychological conditions and phenomena so that, in this way, it is possible to compare the psychic characteristics of different people and work with objective information.
A psychometric test therefore points to evaluate the psyche of an individual and to translate those results through numerical values . The tests psychometric they must be elaborated and interpreted under certain parameters so that their conclusions are correct.
It is often said, in this sense, that psychometric tests should be reliable (they must allow the measurements always in the same way) and valid (that is, that they manage to measure the faculty they actually plan to measure).
Frequently the Business appeal to psychometric tests when deciding the hiring of an employee. Typically, after a first pre-selection among applicants, psychometric tests are developed for candidates to measure their intellectual abilities and personality traits. All these people, in this way, will be subjected to identical tests and their results can be compared.
It is assumed that, when conducting psychometric evaluations of candidates, the employer has objective data to make the hiring decision, leaving aside any sympathy or prejudice that could arise in a interview .
Generally, there are different psychometric tests according to the position that is intended to be filled. This is because they do not need them skills to work in the department of Sales that to perform as administrative or in the area of Logistics , for example.
Some schools, primary and secondary, also rely on psychometric tests to ensure that their potential students are in psychological condition to be part of the institution. The reasons why this is carried out process They are not only linked to the technical capacities to learn and put into practice academic knowledge; While it is true that schools with a very high level of education need to ensure that the rhythm that characterizes them will not overwhelm their students, psychometrics also provides information related to compatibility from a social point of view .
For example, the school can meet an 8-year-old boy who solves the psychometric test at speed and with the margin of error expected of a teenager who doubles in age, or with the opposite case, and both are special situations that indicate a potential incompatibility between the subject and the center. In the face of such extreme results, it is normal for measures to be taken to avoid the individual's suffering, being the first step to talk with his parents or guardians to obtain more information about him.
Through a psychometric test it is possible to know if a person is withdrawn or sociable, submissive or dominant, emotional or rational, insecure or determined and dependent or self-sufficient, among many other personality factors. However, the results are not 100% reliable, and that is why a observation more espacious.
Some of the types of psychometric tests that exist are the following:
* of amplitude : serves to measure performance and / or knowledge, accuracy, dexterity, organizational capacity, mental agility and memory;
* of reasoning : It is used to estimate mental agility and the ability to solve problems, among other adaptive faculties;
* of information : measure the domain of language , the volume of vocabulary and fluency when speaking verbally;
* arithmetic problems : focuses on the ability to overcome numerical exercises in mathematics and arithmetic.