The agrochemistry is the specialization of the chemistry which consists in the use of organic substances within the framework of an industry and in the application of chemical products (such as pesticides and fertilizers) in agricultural activities.
By extension, it is known as agrochemical to chemical substance who uses the human being with the objective of optimize the performance of an agricultural holding . These products are often used for fight pests that affect crops and to favor a faster growth of the plants.
In the same way, we cannot ignore another important series of functions performed by the aforementioned agrochemicals. Specifically, they include providing the necessary amount of nutrients to the earth, killing microorganisms that are damaging the land or crops directly and eliminating weeds that may exist.
The pesticides Therefore, they can be agrochemicals. In this case, the products are spread through fumigation with the intention of removing those species that can damage them from the crops. There are liquid, solid and gaseous pesticides.
According to the pest they fight, pesticides can be divided into fungicides (eliminate fungi), bactericides (bacteria), insecticides (insects) and other groups. It is important to note that these agrochemicals, even though they can help control pests, can also have harmful effects on the environment and on the Health of people.
In addition to the aforementioned agrochemicals, we must not forget others that are also widely used in the field of agriculture. We are referring to some like these:
-The herbicides, which are those whose main function is to carry out the elimination of all types of plants that are harmful to the soil.
-The acaricides, which are responsible for repelling the mites.
-The rodenticides, which are intended to kill rodents that cause damage to crops and, in addition, have the particularity that they can transmit certain diseases to humans.
-The nematicides, which are those used by farmers to get rid of the worms that appear in the soil and with certain parasites that appear in plants.
-The phytoregulators, who come to regulate what is the growth of crops and do so by what is called phytohormones. In this way, according to each moment, they promote or slow down the development of the roots.
-The fertilizers, which, as its name suggests, are the agrochemicals responsible for facilitating and speeding up the growth of certain plants.
Most agrochemicals are toxic and, in some cases, they can be lethal to humans when ingested, inhaled or touched. The main danger is that most of the agrochemical that is fumigated goes beyond the sector that is intended to be fumigated because, due to wind and other factors, they end up reaching different places. In this way, agrochemicals can contaminate the water used by people , for example.