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Air conditioner

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He air is the gaseous mixture that makes up the atmosphere of the land . The concept is often used to name the atmosphere in general or at wind .

Conditioned , on the other hand, is something of good quality or that is in the right conditions . The verb conditioning refers to giving certain condition or quality to something or to dispose of a thing in the proper way for a certain purpose.

These two definitions allow us to understand the concept of air conditioner , which is used to name the atmosphere of a closed space that is subject to certain conditions of temperature, humidity and pressure through artificial mechanisms .

The air conditioning or air conditioning therefore it is a process which consists of a certain treatment of the air in a closed place to generate a pleasant atmosphere for those in that space. Increase or reduce the temperature and the level of humidity of the air are usually the most common objectives, although the process can also involve a renewal or filtration of the air.

In everyday language, the notion of air conditioning is also used to name systems or teams that allow to carry out the mentioned process. For example: "Please turn on the air conditioner that I'm dying of heat in this room", “We will have to call a technician: the air conditioner is malfunctioning”, "Next summer we will buy an air conditioner for the bedroom since it is not possible to sleep".

Nowadays, both in different types of premises and in homes, air conditioning has become one of the essential equipment to be able to create a pleasant temperature in these spaces during the hottest seasons.

For this reason, it should be stressed that in spring and summer it is common for household appliances companies to be able to buy such equipment. However, this is not a simple task, since there are several modalities of it:
• Window. It is one of the most used within any home and has the advantages that it is very easy to install, that it has a very economical price and that its maintenance is also simple. However, it should not be overlooked that, on the other hand, it makes a strong energy expenditure and that it is somewhat noisy.
• Roof console. Another of the most used air conditioners is this, which is identified because it is installed through a somewhat more complicated process. It is especially suitable for large spaces.
• Split. Under this denomination are the equipment that is placed on the wall and that are recommended for homes or even for offices. They have an attractive and modern design, generate little noise and are maintained very easily. In contrast they have to be placed through a much more complicated process than that of window air conditioners.

Centrals or laptops are other types of existing in the market.

To cool the atmosphere, the air conditioner usually appeals to the mechanical compression to execute a cyclic process of heat transfer from inside a space to the outside. For this it promotes the evaporation of cooling substances that they find in a liquid state at low temperature and pressure and that evaporate when the air inside is extracted. A compressor It is responsible for absorbing and compressing this vapor and condenses it through the transfer of heat to the outside air (cooler). Finally the refrigerant, in liquid state, returns through a expansion valve It reduces pressure and temperature.

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