The term augmentative can be used as adjective to qualify what increases (that is, it increases or enlarges). The most common use of the term, however, is specifically linked to a type of affix .
A affix it is a linguistic element that can be put before, inserted or postponed in a lexeme or in a word to produce a change in meaning . In the case of augmentatives, they are suffixes : affixes that appear at the end of the lexeme or word.
Augmentatives express a increase of the size , the intensity wave importance of what they modify. Among the most commonly used augmentatives are -azo , -ona , -on , -aza , -ota and -ote .
Although those are the elements that are used, in general, to create augmentatives, there are others. Specifically, although they are not so common, we come across the endings -acho, -acha, -ton, -tona, -rrón or -rrona, among others. An example would be the word "big man."
Numerous are the occasions in which the use of an augmentative is used to record that reference is being made to something very important, of great quality. Thus, for example, one can say: "The last work of director Alejandro Amenábar is a real movie." In this way, it is clear that the film he has made is very good in every way.
In the same line of the aforementioned example are others like these:
- "Malú is preparing a new album that, according to those who have heard it, will be a discazo that will sweep in sales."
- “The person in charge of teaching the subject of History of the Contemporary World in the faculty is a professor”.
- “The meeting that the F.C. Barcelona and Real Madrid will be a great match. And it will allow you to see the game of some of the best soccer players in the world like Messi, Luis Suarez or Cristiano Ronaldo. ”
The mode of use of augmentatives varies according to the country . In this way, some concepts that are common in one nation can be strange in another.
A example of augmentative is "Problemazo". In this case, at the end "trouble" the augmentative suffix is added "Azo" to form the notion of "Problemazo": a big problem. So you can build expressions like "I don't know how we are going to solve this issue: it's a problem!", "I had a problem with the documentation of the car but, luckily, I could fix it".
"Partidazo", "Bowl", "huge", "Great body" and "Dog" are other examples of augmentatives that are frequently used in several regions : "Last night Brazil and Germany played a great game that ended with the triumph of the European team", “Today I had a big bowl of lentils today”, "A big man tried to hit Juan", “The actress surprised with her great body”, “I dreamed that a dog was chasing me to bite me”.
No less relevant is that, in addition to augmentatives, there are so-called superlatives. What they come to do is increase the meaning of a term but to the greatest extent possible. An example can be set with the big adjective. The augmentative can be great while the superlative would be great.