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He sugar is a body of solid characteristics that is white and is crystallized . This type of substance is part of the carbohydrates , is soluble in H2O and is characterizes for his sweet taste .

The beet , the cane and other kinds of vegetables are sources that allow obtaining sugar. The term is often used to name the saccharose , which is the common sugar used in the preparation of foods. This sucrose is a type of carbohydrate composed of a fructose molecule and another glucose molecule.

The notion of sugars is also used to name the disaccharides, the monosaccharides and the carbohydrates in general, especially in the field industrial.

Sugar provides calories They qualify as empty, since they have no minerals or vitamins. However, it is a widely used ingredient such as sweetener to enhance the flavor of the preparations.

When the sugar is heated beyond its point of decomposition, the candy (which can be poured over the flan, for example).

Among the different types of sugar, you can name the White sugar (containing 99.5% sucrose), the refined sugar (between 99.8% and 99.9% sucrose), the Brown sugar or black (which crystallizes and centrifuges but does not refine, which gives it a colour dark) and the blond sugar (lighter than brown sugar and with a higher level of sucrose).

Brazil It is the world's leading sugar producer, followed by nations like Argentina , China and U.S .

The myths about sugar

It is difficult to find another food product surrounded by as many myths as sugar. Next, four of the most common are described, trying to find how much of reality in them:

* causes overweight: the truth is that the increase in weight It takes place if excess calories are ingested, but these are obtained from both sugar and protein and fat. In other words, it is not so much due to the product but to the proportions in which it is consumed;

* Cavities: It does, but as much as bread and other seemingly harmless foods, since the reason why cavities appear is that bacteria that lodge in the mouth generate acids Every time we eat carbohydrates, it doesn't matter what kind. This takes place within half an hour after intake, so it is very advisable to brush your teeth before you can start the process.

* causes diabetes: In reality, it is not so. Who suffer from diabetes, they cannot assimilate sugar normally, which is why they are told to consume it in moderate amounts. Among the sources of the disease, there is no sugar intake, but issues such as genetics, overweight and age.

* superiority of brown sugar over white: both varieties have, for example, the same proportion of calories per gram of carbohydrates and in neither case are minerals, fiber or vitamins. The only difference is that brown sugar is partially refined with a certain percentage of melasa.

Despite being able to prove that such accusations are not based on reality, this does not mean that eating sugar without any moderation will bring good results. The sweet taste, so attractive to most people, can be enjoyed not only in chocolate bars and candies, but also in fruits, which also provide nutrients such as vitamins and antioxidants. The combination is always the best way, since it allows to obtain the benefits of a healthy diet while enjoying those ingredients not so complete but with irresistible tastes.

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