A crossword is a game or hobby consisting of fill in the gaps of a drawing with letters. To find out what letter should be written in each space, the crossword indicates the meaning of the words which should be read vertically and horizontally. The idea, therefore, is that the template of the crossword puzzle already completed presents a series of words that can be read vertically and horizontally and that cross each other.
To start completing a crossword puzzle, the person You should read the two lists of definitions presented by the hobby: one corresponding to the vertical direction and another for the horizontal direction. The template or drawing is divided into white squares (where you have to write the individual letters) and black squares (which serve to separate the words).
Thus, when reading a definition and knowing the word, the participant has to enter the crossword puzzle, writing a letter in each white box of the corresponding space. In this way, the game will gradually be completed.
There are several variants of crosswords, such as syllabic crossword (which must be completed with one syllable per box, and not one letter), the crossword with character (which includes the photograph of some personality to complete their first and last name) or the white crossword (without black boxes, since the participant must discover where the spaces are located).
Crosswords are usually published in newspapers and magazines, although there are also publications and books that are dedicated exclusively to this game that first appeared in the New York World in December 1913 .
History of crosswords
The origin of crosswords dates from the first century . The first crossword puzzle was found in the ruins of Pompeii and is known as sator square .
Subsequently, already entered the nineteenth century a man known as Hyperion published the famous double diamond puzzles; they were mental games that closely resembled current crossword puzzles (with squares where the user had to intertwine the words until they found the right combination). It is believed that these publications were made over several years.
Years later a game would emerge that was deeply inspired by the sator square and that consisted of a four-by-four grid with some clues so that users could find the answers; However, this entertainment was not very successful.
Finally, Arthur Wynne, an English journalist published in the New York World the first crossword puzzle, as we know it today. It was called "word-cross" although a few years later the term by which we still know this entertainment was coined.
The fundamental elements of a crossword puzzle are: the grid (white vouchers with small numbers that are associated with the references) and the references (They are usually located at the bottom of the page and consist of a series of very concise definitions that allow the user to link a word with the space available to complete the grid).
It is important to mention that the references are divided into two parts, those corresponding to the grid read in horizontal sense , and those that correspond to the vertical distribution.
The words are chosen in such a way that those boxes shared by two words have a letter that is the same for the position of both terms, the horizontal and the vertical, in this way, as the grid is filled it is easier to find the missing words.
These hobbies are usually recommended for those people who have an easy time forgetting things because it keeps their mind awake and helps them to associate concepts. They are usually published alone in magazines called crosswords or crosswords and also in newspapers and magazines; in some cases, these crosswords are thematic .