Before entering fully into the meaning of the term musical figure, it is necessary to know, first, the etymological origin of the two words that shape it:
-Figure derives from Latin, exactly from "figure", which can be translated as "form" or "image".
-Musical, on the other hand, comes from the Greek. And it emanates from "musike," which is synonymous with "relative to the muses."
A musical figure is a sign that enables graphic representation of a note or a silence . It is, therefore, a graphic that refers to a certain sound within the framework of a musical work.
The musical figures indicate the duration of the sound . For this they appeal to the color and shape of the head, the inclusion or not of the plica and the presence or lack of square brackets. If the musical figure is located on a stave that already has the key set, the figure also allows you to indicate the height sound.
It is important to keep in mind that each musical figure has a silence correspondent. Therefore, the silence in question lasts the same as the linked musical figure.
It is important to keep in mind that, when representing a musical figure, it is necessary to know the parts that it has. And those are none other than the following:
-The head or nucleus, which is considered as the most essential part of every musical figure. Its function is none other than to indicate what the height of the sound is.
-The body or plica that is determined by what is the height of the note in question. So much so that it can be represented in two different ways: down or up.
-The bracket, that you have to know that it can be unique or that it can be presented as a group.
The round , for example, is a musical figure that lasts four pulses of black. Your sign is a graph with a head hollow and oval note, without plica. The white , meanwhile, it lasts half that round, drawing like a head of hollow and oval note with a vertical plica that lacks ornaments.
The black , on the other hand, is a musical figure equivalent to a quarter round. his representation It is done with an oval note head painted black and with a vertical plica that has no ornaments. The figure that is equivalent to a black average and an eighth round is called quaver : It is represented with an oval and black note head, which has a vertical plica with a single bracket. The semiquaver , on the other hand, it has a duration of half an eighth note and is plotted with an oval and black head plus a vertical plica with two square brackets.
The fusa and the semifusa they are other musical figures that are usually used, while figures such as maximum , the square and the tick , among others, are no longer used.
Taking into account the very important relationship that exists between musical figures and silences, we come across the fact that among those last ones stand out the silence of square, the silence of round, the silence of black, the silence of white, the silence of fusa, the silence of the eighth note or even the silence of the sixteenth note, for example.