The concept of anthem , which comes from Latin hymnus (in turn derived from the Greek hýmnos), has several uses. It can be a poetic work dedicated to praising certain heroes or deities.
These compositions can also serve to glorify to an individual or to celebrate a certain event, like a military victory. It also allows to express happiness or bliss
He "Hymn to Aton" It is one of the oldest hymns known. It was composed several centuries before Christ In honor to Aton , an Egyptian deity. In the culture Western, it is believed that "Homeric hymns" , attributed to Homer , are among the oldest.
The most common use of the notion of hymn today refers to a song what identify a country, a nation or a community . It is a musical composition that is used as a representation of the community in question.
National anthems exalt patriotic sentiment and promote the union of the inhabitants. They can be compositions made specifically for this purpose or works which were adopted as official hymns over time.
“God Save The Queen” ("God save the Queen" ) is among the most famous national anthems of the world . It was adopted in 1745 as the anthem of United Kingdom .
“La Marseillaise” ("The marsellesa" ) is another well-known national anthem. This composition of Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle which represents France was officialized in 1795 , although it suffered several prohibitions throughout the history .
It should be noted that there are national anthems that were created by recognized authors. That is the case of “Love Sonar Bangla” (“My golden sparkler” ), the national anthem of Bangladesh who wrote and composed the poet and musician Rabindranath Tagore , winner of Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913 .
Already from the origin of the Was Christian, that is, from the birth of Jesus of Nazareth, the psalms and hymns with music began to appear within the framework of religious ceremonies. This custom of singing such compositions, which in the case of hymns is known as hymnodia, was driven by Saint Ambrose , one of the most prolific creators of this type of melodies.
The character of these hymns and psalms sung at religious celebrations was very energetic while sublime and full of devotion. Over time, many people continued to add music to religious works and create hymns, until this format was officially included among the fundamental elements of divine offices. One of the most prominent names in this regard was San Benito , who in turn drove a monastic movement.
Some of the hymns of the religion The most sublime Christian in history are awarded to the popes San Gregorio, Clemente VII and Inocencio III. The latter, for example, is the author of Stabat Mater, highlighted among the large number of hymns used by the Catholic Church, and also of the Veni Sancte Spiritus. On the other hand we have Tomás Celano, who bequeathed us Dies irae, and to San Bernardo, from whose creative work the Ave maris stella.
Many agree that the most august, sublime and majestic hymns of all are those attributed to Saint Thomas of Aquino for the feast of Corpus and the Blessed Sacrament, how to be the Pange lingua. With respect to music In itself, it is important to note that the first hymns had an exclusively melodic composition, while later the flat song appeared (a single melodic line, even without accompanying music) and only in the thirteenth century the first polyphonic works emerged. Among the latter, the Hymni Totius Anniby Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina.