Gymnastics It is the activity that consists in the development of certain movements and exercises with the intention of achieving and maintaining a good physical state. Aerobic , on the other hand, is an adjective that refers to what is done using oxygen.
The aerobic gymnastics is the gymnastic discipline which is carried out appealing to the technique of the aerobics , which is based on performing exercise routines with music while controlling the breathing rate.
In aerobic gymnastics, the athlete must execute a routine with intense movements and using different elements of difficulty. In his actions he has to show force , flexibility and fluidity.
The origins of aerobic gymnastics date back to the end of the decade of 1960 . It emerged as training method and then it became a sport , although it can be practiced without competitive eagerness. Among the benefits of aerobic gymnastics are increased muscle tone, body weight regulation and stress relief.
The diffusion of aerobic gymnastics took place in several countries thanks to the work of people known as Sidney Rome and Jane Fonda , who took advantage of their taste for physical exercise to build a business in which they offered consumers television programs and home videos to help them tone their muscles in the comfort of the home .
We must go back to 1968 to find the precise origin of aerobic gymnastics as we know it today. It was at that time that this term was included for the first time in a publication; in fact, the book was titled "Aerobics." Its author was a doctor of army North American called Kenneth H. Cooper . Throughout the work, he describes a program that he himself had created to train the soldiers. On the other hand, there are those who believe that the word "aerobic" had been coined almost a century earlier by Louis pasteur , the well-known French chemist creator of the process that today we know with the name of pasteurization.
The key to the program designed by Dr. Kenneth was to make efforts for prolonged periods of time, with the aim of improving the resistance and performance of soldiers, while reducing the chances of risk of respiratory and heart disease, such as arteriosclerosis and heart attacks. In his book, aerobic gymnastics is mentioned as an excellent exercise for the development of our body in a healthy and balanced way, even reducing the intensity of practices, always in pursuit of Health of the cardiovascular system.
In 1969, they began using aerobic gymnastics to replace the system previously used by the wives of soldiers at a base in Puerto Rico, which was based solely on maintaining the figure . For his part, Kenneth published a second book called "The New Aerobic", which aimed at training people over 35, and another in which he focused specifically on aerobic gymnastics for women.
As a competition, aerobic gymnastics includes various modalities. It can be individual, by couple, by trios or group. A jury is responsible for observing and analyzing the routines then set scores according to compliance, or not, of certain requirements.
The choreographies, the use of space The precision and complexity of the movements, the rhythm and the use of elements of difficulty are some of the variables studied by the jury to award the points. In certain cases, gymnasts can be penalized : if the routine does not have the statutory duration, if the athlete leaves the track, if the costumes are not appropriate, etc.