In order to know the meaning of the term discrimination it is necessary, first, to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can establish that it is a word that derives from Latin, exactly "discriminatio", that derives from the verb "discriminare", which can be translated as "distinguish".
The discrimination is the act and the result of discriminating . East verb (discriminate), meanwhile, refers to treat unevenly or to Exclude to people for reasons of gender, religious, political, racial or other.
For example: “A young Muslim was a victim of discrimination in a bar”, “The government will promote a new campaign against discrimination”, “It is outrageous that, in the 21st century, women continue to be victims of labor discrimination”.
Someone discriminates when they do or stop doing something generating an inequality or an injustice in access to a opportunity or yet resource . Discrimination, therefore, means that an individual, a collective or an institution is harmed by the decision of a third party.
For discrimination to occur, there must be a sense of belonging which, in turn, causes a prejudice . Who discriminates does not recognize the discriminated as part of his group and pretends that the other does not integrate, move away and / or suffer negative consequences for belonging to another community, which is considered inferior or harmful.
Suppose a nightclub prohibits entry to people dark complexion This act of discrimination is intended "to protect" to white individuals of contact with subjects who are considered inferior in terms of their social status, economic position, cultural level, etc. It is, of course, an arbitrary, unfair, irrational and even illegal measure.
Discrimination may occur due to age (when people over 40 are not allowed to access a job, to name a case), gender (to one woman who, before the same job, receives less money than a man), sexual orientation (if a homosexual couple is expelled from a restaurant), and of ethnic origin (teasing a gypsy boy for his way of speaking).
However, other types of discrimination can occur and be identified, among which we can highlight the following:
-Religious discrimination that, as its name indicates, is that which is produced by religious ideas or beliefs that a person has. Thus, for example, one of the most relevant events produced by that issue occurred in Nazi Germany where millions of Jews were locked in concentration camp, subjected to all kinds of torture and even killed for their faith.
-Discrimination for disability, which is the one that occurs when a person with a disability is rejected either in society in general or in a job because of that physical or psychological limitation. An example is that an individual is rejected to make a job in a restaurant because, for example, he has Down Syndrome.
Talk about positive discrimination Finally, when granted a benefit or special protection is provided to a social group that is usually the victim of discrimination.
At present, positive discrimination is used, above all, to achieve real equality between men and women in all areas of our society. In this case it is considered that it allows to achieve from a real equity to improvements in the living conditions of the women happening because it is useful to equate roles.