The first thing we have to do in this case is to establish the etymological origin of the word orthodontics. In this case, we can say that it is found in the Greek because this word is made up of the following words: orthos, which can be defined as "correct"; odon, which is equivalent to "tooth"; and finally the suffix -ia which can be translated as "action."
The orthodontics it is the branch of the odontology who takes care of study of malformations and denture defects . It is known as orthodontics, on the other hand, when treatment dedicated to correcting such defects.
In addition to all this we have to make clear that the professional who is responsible for carrying out the development of this branch of medicine is none other than the orthodontist. We can say that he is a dentist specialized in this area and specifically in what is the crowding of the teeth, which can be severe or mild, and also in the rest of alterations of the dental pieces that give rise to that.
Specifically, we can establish that among the main alterations are prognathism, which occurs when the teeth have an advanced position; the open bite, which makes it clear that closing the jaws is a gap between them; and finally retrognathism, which is when the teeth take a delayed position.
However, there are many other alterations that are also subject to analysis and work by the orthodontist. This would be the case of deep bite, cross bite, diastema or collapse.
Dental alterations all of them that are frequently corrected with brackets of different types: metallic, chameleon, ceramic ...
The fixed appliances orthodontics is formed by certain elements that adhere to the teeth by means of metal alloy arches and a set of ligatures. These devices are used to modify the positions of the teeth and even to change the dimensions of the jaws.
Fixed appliances can begin to be used at any age. Sometimes, they require the extraction of some dental piece. It is important to keep in mind that the dentist is responsible for the handling of fixed appliances (that is, the patient cannot remove them without the assistance of the orthodontic professional).
The removable appliances On the other hand, it can be removed from the mouth by the patient himself. In this way, who uses mobile devices removes them to eat or to perform the hygiene oral.
These devices are usually recommended by the orthodontist to solve simple problems at a lower economic cost and with less discomfort for the user. They are more common in children than in adults since, when a pathological condition is detected in time, it is easier to correct and does not require the constant use of the devices.
Mobile devices have a expansion screw so that they can adapt to the evolution of the treatment.