The notion of recital It can be used in different ways. The term can be used to name the act that consists of recite or read aloud a poetry . For example: "Tomorrow there will be a poetic recital in the cultural center", “The writer will give a recital before a group of students”, "The poet's recital was interrupted by a protest of municipal workers".
Recital, on the other hand, is the name that receives the execution of different musical works by the same artist , forming a single show. In this case, the concept can be used as a synonym for concert : “My son attended the U2 recital last night and returned home very happy”, “Do not forget that next week we will offer a recital in the square”, "Incidents were recorded before the start of the recital, when people entered the stadium".
The recitals, in this sense, are musical events. They usually contemplate the participation of artists who play their instruments and sing live: this means that attendees listen to the music created at the moment, and not through recordings.
It is important to note that the recitals do not always include the voice as one of the instruments, but it can be presentations or compilations of works for piano, guitar or violin, for example. In addition, despite the general perception of this term, it does not always describe a live presentation, but it can be a disc recording, something very common in the field of academic music (name it receives formally the so-called "classical music", since this set also includes pieces of baroque and romanticism, among other periods).
Regarding recitals in which singers do not participate, to Franz Liszt he is credited with creating the recital for piano single. This great Hungarian composer stood out for his virtuosity in this instrument, something that is undoubtedly appreciated in his original works and in his arrangements, which only a few can afford to interpret with mastery today.
In the case of the lyric song, on the other hand, it is possible to find albums included in the recital category, which include a series of works by the same author, probably following a criterion well defined to gather them under the same recording, such as the stage in which he wrote them, or the country he was in when he composed them, for example.
Another difference that exists between the popular and the academic recital is the space for the public's response, more specifically for the applause: in a recital of lyric or piano singing, for example, there are specific moments when you can applaud , and many times the audience must wait for the execution of two or more pieces before being able to do it, since they belong to the same work. While issues like this collaborate with the division that exists between lovers of each type of music and feed the idea that academics are elitist, it is more respectful towards composers, works and performers.
Beyond music, it is usual for recitals to complement each other with play of light , screens of video and other elements that shape a comprehensive entertainment proposal. As a curious fact, given the popularity of mobile phones, it is now virtually impossible to effectively ban the public from filming a recital from their seat, although it is still being tried with very strict security measures.
There are recitals that summon few people and that they develop in enclosures of reduced dimensions, like a bar. Others are massive and can gather hundreds of thousands of people in a stadium or in a public space such as a square or street.