Republic is the name that receives a way of organizing the state . Federal , meanwhile, is that linked to federalism : a system that gathers or associates states through a confederation.
A Federal Republic , therefore, is that formed by different state They have a certain autonomy. This means that, within the same republic, there are several states that have regional governments and a certain sovereignty to govern its internal affairs. The general government that administers these states is known as federal government .
Administrative divisions that are part of a federal republic can be known as state , provinces or regions , to cite some possibilities. These administrations have legislative and governmental powers over specific matters, while the rest is a responsibility of the federal government. The scope of the autonomy of each of the states is set by the Constitution .
Russia , Mexico and Argentina They are some examples of federal republics. In the case of Russian Federation , is formed by 85 federal subjects that have representation in the Federation Council . The United States of Mexico , meanwhile, group 31 sovereign states and the federal District while the Argentinian republic It has an autonomous city and 23 provinces .
We must not overlook the existence of another republic of that kind that has been fundamental in world history. We are referring to the Federal Republic of Germany, also called West Germany or West Germany, which was launched on May 29, 1949 and was underway until 1990, at which time the reunification of Germany occurred.
Specifically in 1990, what happened in October of that same year was that the Democratic Republic of Germany that existed at that time was also dissolved and its inhabitants became part of the Federal Republic through what became known as the Unification Treaty. From that moment, among other things, it was determined that Berlin became the capital of the country since June 20, 1991.
That term of the Federal Republic of Germany is still used, therefore, today to define the European country of Germany, since it is made up of a total of sixteen states. It must be said that all of these have the same status and in the constitution of the country that is perfectly reflected by what has been called the principle of federal equality. This determines that none of these states has privileges or a status superior to the rest. Of course, it clarifies that in the matter of the Senate the votes they make in the Federal Councils are different in terms of the level of population that each of them possesses.
Other federal republics, on the other hand, have ceased to exist. The Federal Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia it existed from 1963 until 1992. At that time, after several constituent republics declared their independence, it became the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia . In 2003, finally, this federal republic was renamed Serbia and Montenegro , two nations which later also separated.