The satire is a gender of the literature that has the purpose of ridicule to a person or looking for make fun of certain situations. With a background in iambic poetry, satire was born in the poetry and in the prose until reaching other expression media, such as drawing , he theater and the movie theater .
The Greek writers of iambic poetry Semónides de Amorgos, Aristophanes and even Arqualoco de Paros were the first who clearly developed satire. Then, it was developed, promoted and encouraged by the works of other authors such as Luciano de Samosata, Horacio, Lucilio or Juvenal, among many others.
Among the latter are many of those who are considered the best authors of satires of Latin literature. However, we must not forget Seneca, Marcial or Petronius.
Appealing to the irony , the parody and the sarcasm , satire manages to express its rejection of what it ridicules. Beyond the criticism of the satirical work, it also manages to entertain and entertain the public thanks to its characteristics.
It is important to mention that satire can appeal to various mechanisms to fulfill its purposes. Some satires mimic behaviors for exacerbate certain issues and thus get its effect. Satire can also oppose two issues that are opposite or very different from each other to devalue one and give it greater importance to the other.
Exaggerate or minimize something real to transform it into a ridiculous It is another of the usual techniques of satire. This mechanism is common in graphic satires that appeal to cartoons.
In the same way, it is important to establish that the history of universal literature is full of writers who have practiced satire with great mastery and well-known works in which they play a fundamental task. This would be the case of “Don Quijote de la Mancha” (1605) by Miguel de Cervantes; "The Life of Lazarillo de Tormes" (1554), "The Life of the Buscon" (1626) by Francisco de Quevedo, "The Journeys of Gulliver" (1726) by Jonathan Swift, "Rebellion in the Farm" (1945) by George Orwell or "A happy world" (1932) by Aldous Huxley.
In addition to novels, plays or poetry, satire has also reached our days through graphic publications. A good example of that is the Spanish magazine "Thursday", subtitled "The magazine that comes out on Wednesdays." It is presented as a weekly satirical humor where through countless stories, drawings, comics and vignettes its artists come to tell in that way of so special humor the main news that has taken place in those days around the world.
One of the most popular satires is "The great Dictator" , a film of 1940 directed, written and starring Charles Chaplin . In this movie , Chaplin plays a dictator who is a parodic character of Adolf Hitler . The actor imitates the appearance and gestures of the Nazi leader with the intention of ridiculing him and, above all, of showing the absurdity of his terrible ideas and actions. "The great Dictator" It was a success and won five nominations for Oscar awards .