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Assumption , from Latin suppositio, is the action and effect of assuming (to take something for granted, give ideal existence to what does not have it, conjecture through clues). For example: "Don't be mad at me, it was just a guess", "The assumption of Juan Carlos was not incorrect: we will have to do overtime", "A president cannot be guided by assumptions".

An assumption, therefore, is what is supposed . The assumption is taken for granted when it has not yet happened, or even though there is no evidence in this regard. A person that goes out to the street and finds the damp sidewalk can assume that, hours before, it was raining. However, you will not be able to verify this assumption until you speak with someone who has seen or heard the rain, since the water on the ground may be due to morning dew, typical of certain times of the year, or, if the observation had not been very precise, to the action of a truck cleaning the public road.

The assumption can also be a anticipation or one prediction . Before starting a tournament of soccer , it is possible to assume that two teams will play the final since their background and the quality of their players allow us to infer this information. To verify this assumption, we will have to wait for the tournament to develop, since the matches must be played in order to know who the winner is.

In certain areas, assumptions do not have value. A judge cannot convict a suspect because he assumes he is guilty, but has to give a verdict based on reliable evidence. In this way, the assumption ceases to be such and becomes a certainty.

It is known as delivery assumption to the crime which consists in pretending that it has given birth, and this can be carried out in two well-defined ways: on the one hand, a child can be presented as the result of the birth of a woman who, in reality, is not her mother; the other alternative is that the birth is implicit before the registration of an alien child as their own. The first case is known as assumption of childbirth and the second, assumption of improper delivery.

Given the complexity of this criminal act, there are several possible configurations for its execution: whether or not a medical body participates in the Birth; whether or not such professionals participate in the crime; that there is a birth certificate, either false or authentic but illegally modified. All these variables, each with its two possibilities, make it easier to commit a childbirth assumption.

With regard to the participation of medical personnel in childbirth, it is important to remember that it is not a requirement, but an option; in addition, many women living in rural areas or who are, due to certain circumstances, incommunicado with a health center Health, are forced to opt for a natural birth, without the help of science.

The assumption of childbirth is a crime that is usually premeditated and carefully planned; Unless you have the help of a doctor, it is normal not to go to a hospital to fake the delivery. In this case, it will be the parents who attest to the birth of their alleged child before the Civil Registry, through a statement that includes the completion of a form and that can be accompanied by the presentation of a birth certificate.

Finally, it should be mentioned that the participation of a physician in the commission of this crime is not always voluntary; If a family manages, by different means, to convince you of the authenticity of the birth, you may sign the birth certificate with the information false, believing it true.

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